In 1836, the new government of Texas accepted this new design for the “National Flag” of Texas. It was a simple, five-point star of yellow on a field of blue. The Republic of Texas was recognized by the government of the United States as a sovereign and independent nation under this flag. Texas applied for annexation and statehood in 1837, but the request was declined by U.S. President Martin Van Buren. Texas remained a free and sovereign nation until December 29, 1845.